• The Muse

World Building: Deity Pantheons - Celtic

The Celts did not reign over one specific area. There were many types in many countries of Western Europe. They inhabited much of Europe and Asia minor during pre-Roman times, their culture having developed during the late Bronze age around the upper Danube Region. They reached their height during the 5th through the 1st Century b.c.


The pantheons of Gods were many and large. So these rather lengthy lists will be done by area.


  1. Gaulish and Brythonic Deities: Gaul occupied the areas of modern day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Northern Italy and Germany along the West of the Rhine River as well as parts of the Netherlands. Brythonic pertains to ancient languages of Britain : Welsh, Cornish and Breton, as opposed to Anglo-Saxon or Gaelic.

Male


Abandinus- Possibly a River god.

Abellio- (Abelio, Abelionni) - A god of Apple Trees

Alaunus (Fin)- God of healing and prophecy

Alisanos - Alisaunus

Ambisagrus- A god of thunder and lightning, Ancestor God, Sky God, God of wind, rain and hail.

Anextiomarus - (Anextlomarus, Anextlomara) A protector God.

Ankou- A god of death.

Atepomarus- A horse god.

Arvernus- A tribal god.

Arausio- A god of water.

Barinthus- (Manannan mac Lir)- A god of the sea and water.

Belatucadros- A god of war.

Belenus- A god of healing.

Borvo- (Bormo, Bormanus)- A god of mineral and hot springs.

Borrum- A god of the winds.

Buxenus- A god of box trees.

Camulus- (Camulus, Camalos)- A god of war and sky.

Canetonnessis

Cernunnos

Cicolluis- God of the Celtic Army.

Cimbrianus

Cissonius-(Cisonuis, Cesonius) A god of trade.

Mars Cnabetius- A god of war.

Cocidius- A god of war.

Condatis- A god of the confluences of Rivers.

Contrebis- (Contrebis, Cesonis)- A god of a city.

Dii Casses- God of refuse.

Dis Pater- (Dispater) A god of the underworld.

Esus- (Hesus)

Fagus- A god of Beech trees.

Genii Cucullati- Hooded spirits

Grannus- A god of healing and mineral springs.

Intarabus

Iovantucarus- A protector of youth.

Latobious

Lenus- A healing god.

Leucetios- (Leucetius)- A god of thunder.

Lugus- A god of Creation and Learning.

Luxovius- (Luxovius) A god of a city's water.

Mapanos- (Maponus)- A god of youth.

Mogons- (Moguns)

Moritasgus- A healing Badger gos.

Mullo

Nemausus- A god worshiped at Nimes.

Nerius

Nodens- (Nudens, Nodons)- A god of healing, the sea, hunting and dogs.

Ogmios

Robor- A god of oak trees.

Rudianos- A god of war.

Sedatus

Segomo- A god of war.

Smertrios- (Smertios, Smertrius) A god of war.

Secullos- (Sucellus, Sucellos)- A god of love and time.

Taranis- A god of thunder.

Toutatis- (Caturix, Teutates)- A tribal god.

Tridamos- A god of bovine triplication and abundance.

Veteris- (Vitiris, Vheteris, Huetiris, Hueteris)

Virotutis

Visucius

Vindonnus- A god of hunting and healing

Vinotonus

Vosegus- A god of the Vosges Mountains.


Female:

Abnoba- A goddess of rivers and forests

Adsullata- A goddess of the River Savubalada

Aericura

Agrona- A goddess of war.

Ancamna- A water goddess.

Ancasta- A goddess of the River Itchen

Andarta- A goddess of war.

Andraste- A goddess of victory.

Arduinna- The goddess of the Ardennes Forest.

Aufaniae

Arnemetia- A water goddess.

Artio- Goddess of the bear.

Aventia

Aveta- A mother goddess, associated with the fresh-water spring at Trier, in what is now Germany.

Belisama- A goddess of lakes and rivers, fire, crafts and light. Consort of the god Belenus.

Brigtania

Britannia- Originally a personification of the island of the same name, later made into a goddess.

Campestres

Clota- A patron goddess of the River Clyde.

Coventina- A goddess of wells and springs.

Damara- A fertility goddess

Damona- Consort of Apollo Borvo and of Apollo Moritasgus.

Dea Matrona- A "Divine mother goddess" and goddess of the River Marne in Gaul.

Dea Sequana- Goddess of the River Seine.

Debruanua- A goddess of speed and fat.

Epona- A fertility goddess, protector of donkeys, horses and mules.

Ercura- An earth goddess

Icaunus- A goddess of a river.

Icovellauna- A watergoddess

Litavis

Mairiae

Nantosuelta- A goddess of Nature, the earth, fire and fertility in Gaul.

Nemetona

Ritona- (Pritona)- A goddess of fords

Rosmerta- A goddess of fertility and abundance.

Sabrina- Goddess of the river Severn

Senua

Sequana- Goddess of the River Siene

Sirona- A goddess of healing and fertilty.

Suleviae- A triune version of Sulis.

Sulis- A solar-nourishing, life-giving goddess and an agent of curses.

Tamesisaddas- Goddess of the River Thames.

Verbeia- Goddess of the River Wharfe.


2. Welsh Deities

Male


Aeron- God of war.

Amaethon- God of agriculture.

Arawn- King of the Underworld realm of Annwn.

Afallach- Decendant of Beli Mawr and father of Mabon ap Modron.

Beli Mawr- Ancestor god.

Bendigeirdran- Giant and king of Britain

Culhwch

Dwyfan

Dylan Ail Don

Euroswdd

Gofannon

Gwydion

Gwyddno Garanhir

Gwyn ap Nudd

Hafgan

Lleu Llaw Gyffes

Lludd Llaw Eraint

Llyr

Mabon

Manawydan

Math Fab Mathonwy

Myrddin Wyllt

Nisien and Efnysien (twin brothers)

Pryderi

Pwyll

Taliesin

Ysbaddaden


Female-

Arianrhod

Blodeuwedd

Branwen

Ceridwen

Cigfa

Creiddylad

Cyhyraeth

Don

Elen

Habondia

Modron- Welsh Derivation of Dea Matrona, a possible prototype for Morgan Le Fay.

Olwen

Penarddun

Rhiannon


3. Gaelic Deities from the areas of either Ireland or Scotland.

Male-

Abarta

Abcan

Abean (Abhean)

Aed (Aodh)

Aengus aka Oengus (Aonghus)

Ailill

Alastir

Ai (Aoi)

Balor

Bodb Dearg (Bodhbh Dearg)

Brea

Bres (Breas)

Brian, Iuchar and Iucharba

Buarainech

Cian

Cichol aka Ciocal

Conand (Conann)

Corb

Credne (Creidhne)

Crom Cruarch

Crom Dubh

Dagda aka Dag Dia (Daghdha)

Daire

Delbaeth (Dealbhaeth)

Dian Cecht

Donn

Ecne

Egobail

Elatha (Elaladha)

Elcmar (Ealcmhar)

Goibniu (Goibhniu)

Len

Lir

Luchtaine aka Luchta

Lug aka Lugh

Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht and Mac Greine

Manannan mac Lir

Miach

Midir (Midhir)

Mug Ruith

Nechtan

Neit- Irish god of war, Husband of Nemain and/or Badb

Nuada (Nuadha)

Ogma (Oghma)

Seonaidh

Tethra

Tuirenn (Tuireann)


Female


Aibell (Aoibheall)

Aimend

Aife

Aine

Airmed aka Airmid

Anand aka Anann aka Anu

Badb (Badhbh)

Bandba (Banbha)

Bec (Beag)

Bebinn aka Befind (Bebhinn, Bebhionn or Befhionn)

Be Chuille

Beira

Birog

Boand aka Boann (Boinn)

Brigit ( Brighid or Brid)

Caer

Caillech (Cailleach)

Canola

Cessair (Ceasair)

Cethlenn (Cethleann)

Clidna (Cliodhna or Cliona)

Crob Derg (Crobh Dearg)

Danand

Danu (Dana)

Eriu (Eire)

Ernmas

Etain (Eadoin)

Ethniu (Eithne)

Fand

Finngualla (Fionnghuala or Fionuala)

Flidais

Fodla (Fodhla)

Lin Ban (Liban or Liban)

Macha

Medb (Meadhbh or Meabh

Medb Lethderg (Meadhbh or Meabh Leathdhearg)

Moffind (Mongfhionn)

Morrigan (Morrighan)

Mor Muman (Mor Mumhan)

Nemain (Nemhain)

Niam (Niamh)

Nic Naomhin

Plor na mBan

Sheela na Gig

Scathach

Tailtiu (Taillte)


4. Celtiberian Deities from the area of what is now Spain and Portugal.


Male-


Aernus

Andovelicus

Arentio (Arengio)

Bandua

Bormanicus (Bormo, Borvo)

Brigo (Brigus)

Candamius

Cariocecus

Coronus

Cosunenaecus

Cosus (Cossue, Coso)

Dercetius

Duberdicus

Durius (Durio)

Endovelicus

Enobolico (Indibilis)

Kuaniko (Quangeio, Quangeius)

Lurunis (Luruni, Luru)

Neto

Reo (Reve)

Runesocesius (Runesus)

Sucellus

Tabalienus

Tameobrigo

Tillenus

Togae (Toga)

Tongoenabiagus

Tullonius

Turiacus

Vaseco

Vordus (Vordo, Vordius)

Visucius


Female-

Arentia (Arengia)

Ataegina

Bandoga (Bandonga)

Epane (Epona, Iccona)

Nabia

Reva (Reua)

Trebaruna

Trebopala




1 view0 comments